About

Aim of the new Flora

Our goal is to provide New Zealand with a dynamic, continually updated, electronically-based Flora. It will be based on new systematic research and will bring together information from our network of databases and online resources. Users will have easy access to the most authoritative, accurate, and up to date information on New Zealand plants.

Why do we need a new Flora?

The Flora of New Zealand series on indigenous and naturalised vascular plants was first published in 1961, with subsequent volumes in 1970, 1980, 1988 and 2000. Since these volumes were published there have been major advances in taxonomic research on the New Zealand flora, including description of new taxa, revised generic circumscriptions, and new information on biostatus and distribution. This means there is a constant need to revise the Flora of New Zealand volumes to keep them up-to-date.

The electronic Flora of New Zealand is an opportunity to provide contemporary taxonomic information for the entire New Zealand flora. It will eventually integrate information about native and naturalised, vascular and non-vascular, and marine and terrestrial plants.

Why is an electronic Flora the best approach?

Flora users need immediate access to data that is up to date, and presented in a format that meets their requirements. Traditional approaches suffer from long delays in publishing, and are difficult to update with new research results and information. Underlying data is unavailable for other uses, as only the summarised data embodied in descriptions are presented. Data is frequently not linked to herbarium specimens.

An electronic flora gives the flexibility to adjust effort and focuses work on priority groups, enables delivery of parts immediately on completion, and integrates data from various research projects. It gives the opportunity to present information in a variety of formats and tools, e.g., interactive keys, to suit the diverse needs of Flora users.

What plant groups does the Flora cover?

The electronic Flora of New Zealand covers the New Zealand botanical region and includes flowering plants, gymnosperms, ferns, and bryophytes. It includes naturalised as well as indigenous plants.

What information does the new Flora include?

The electronic Flora of New Zealand includes information drawn from the Flora of New Zealand five volume series on vascular plants, published descriptions from scientific publications, and new taxonomic treatments. New taxonomic treatments prepared for the electronic Flora supercede those from the five volume Flora of New Zealand series.

Flora management

Participating institutions are Landcare Research, Te Papa, and NIWA. Other institutions may join later.

Specific committees and work groups oversee and contribute to the production of the electronic Flora of New Zealand.

Steering committee: Ilse Breitwieser, Pat Brownsey, Wendy Nelson, Aaron Wilton
Management group: Ilse Breitwieser, Aaron Wilton, Ines Schonberger
Production group: Aaron Wilton with Kate Boardman, Sue Gibb, Ines Schonberger, Katarina Tawiri
System development: Aaron Wilton, Bavo de Pauw, Margaret Watts
Editorial committee: Ilse Breitwieser, Patrick Brownsey, Aaron Wilton
Editor-in-Chief: Ilse Breitwieser

How to cite

To cite a fascicle please see the recommended citation on the inside cover of that fascicle.

To cite other Flora products see the information below. Please note the recommended citation for these products may vary depending the date you accessed them.

Accessed from July 2016 onwards

To cite the whole eFlora:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2016-<current year>) Flora of New Zealand Online.  Accessed at www.nzflora.info,  <full date>.

To cite Taxon Profiles:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2016-<current year>) Flora of New Zealand Online – Taxon Profiles. Accessed at http://www.nzflora.info, <full date>.

To cite a specific Taxon Profile:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2016-<current year>) Flora of New Zealand Online – Taxon Profile - Hypericum androsaemum (based on Heenan 2014). Accessed at http://www.nzflora.info/factsheet/Taxon/Hypericum_androsaemum.html, <date>

To cite Weed Profiles:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2016-<current year>) Flora of New Zealand Online – Weed Profiles. Accessed at http://www.nzflora.info, <full date>.

To cite a specific Weed Profile:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2016-<current year>) Flora of New Zealand Online – Weed Profile - Hypericum androsaemum (based on Heenan 2010). Accessed at http://www.nzflora.info/factsheet/Weed/Hypericum_androsaemum.html, <date>

Accessed between 2010 and July 2016

To cite the whole eFlora:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J.; Heenan P.B., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2010-2016) Flora of New Zealand Online.  Accessed at www.nzflora.info,  <full date>.

To cite Taxon Profiles:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2010-2016) Flora of New Zealand Online – Taxon Profiles. Accessed at http://www.nzflora.info, <full date>.

To cite a specific Taxon Profile:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2010-2016) Flora of New Zealand Online – Taxon Profile - Hypericum androsaemum (based on Heenan 2014). Accessed at http://www.nzflora.info/factsheet/Taxon/Hypericum_androsaemum.html, <date>

To cite Weed Profiles:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Heenan P.B., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2010-2016) Flora of New Zealand Online – Weed Profiles. Accessed at http://www.nzflora.info, <full date>.

To cite a specific Weed Profile:
Breitwieser I., Brownsey P.J., Heenan P.B., Nelson W.A., Wilton A.D. eds. (2010-2016) Flora of New Zealand Online – Weed Profile - Hypericum androsaemum (based on Heenan 2010). Accessed at http://www.nzflora.info/factsheet/Weed/Hypericum_androsaemum.html, <date>

Authorship of Taxon pages:
The author of each page is indicated at the top right of the page. This can be used to distinguish when a taxon has been fully treated or only contains "automatic" content.
Taxon pages that state the author as “Flora Committee” are automated pages and have not been treated in full. They will contain a limited amount of content such as nomenclature and hyperlinks.
Other taxon pages (i.e., those that do not have the author “Flora Committee”) have been full treated by the stated author, and should contain descriptions, recognition notes and other fields, in addition to the automatic content.

Data sources and links

Information in the Flora is drawn from the following databases:
    eFlora Database (host: Landcare Research)
    Plant Names Database (host: Landcare Research)
    Image Database (host: Landcare Research)
    Specimen Databases (contributors to the NZ Virtual Herbarium)

Copyright

All material on the Flora of New Zealand website is protected by copyright. Ownership of copyright is indicated for specific items or collections of content. Where no alternative copyright ownership statement is shown, copyright is owned by Landcare Research New Zealand Limited (Landcare Research).

Licence

Unless indicated otherwise for specific items or collections of content, this copyright material is licensed for re-use under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand Licence. In essence, you are free to copy, distribute and adapt the material, as long as you attribute the work to the copyright holder and abide by the other licence terms.

Some images are published on this site in accordance with separate agreements with the copyright holder (e.g. using CC+ protocol). Copies of these agreements can be found here.

Logos

The licence granted does not apply to any logos, emblems and trade marks on the website or to the website's design elements. Those specific items, including but not limited to the eFlora logo, may not be re-used without express permission of Landcare Research.

Attribution

Please attribute the work as follows: “Source: Landcare Research”.

Copyright of New Zealand Virtual Herbarium Maps

Maps from the New Zealand Virtual Herbarium are included in this site in the Weed Profiles. These maps include data sourced from Land Information New Zealand's which are licensed by Land Information New Zealand for re-use under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand licence. Crown Copyright Reserved.

Further information

If you have any queries please contact eFlora@LandcareResearch.co.nz.